This city's historical appearance with its magnificent palaces and numerous artistic treasures testify to its past importance. As early as Roman times, there was a settlement here called Divio, which was located on the major road from Lyon to Mainz. Yet the city's heyday came a thousand years later when Dijon became part of the Duchy of Burgundy and, in 1477, the capital of the royal province of Burgundy. The focal point of the beautiful old town is the Place de la Libération with the Palace of the Dukes of Burgundy. Its east wing houses one of the most distinguished art museums in France, the Musée des Beaux Arts. The city's most famous son is Gustave Eiffel, who designed the city's market hall. Today, Dijon has a population of around 150,000 and a large university with 30,000 students.
Famous vineyard with castle
The “walled garden of Vougeot Castle” is one of the most famous vineyards in France. The red wine produced there is classified as Grand Cru and therefore has its own appellation. Historically, the place is particularly interesting because the present chateau used to originate from a granary. It belonged to Cîteaux Abbey, from where the Cistercian order originated. The monks are said to have conducted the first scientific experiments in their vineyard on which grape varieties were suitable for which soils. The present château was built in 1551 and remained in the possession of the monastery until the French Revolution.