The provincial capital of Schleswig-Holstein is situated on the Kiel Fjord, an inlet that extends 17 kilometers inland. Kiel was founded in the 13th century but was overshadowed by the Hanseatic cities of Lübeck and Hamburg. Only when the Prussian fleet was moved to Kiel in 1865 did it begin to grow rapidly. Worth seeing is the old market in the old town where one of Germany’s longest shopping miles starts, the Holstein Street. The city is especially important for the ferry-traffic to the Baltic States and Sweden.