When Luther came to the newly founded University of Wittenberg in 1508, the electoral Saxon royal capital was still a dismal place. A few years later world history was written here. With his Theses, pinned to the Castle Church in Wittenberg on 31.10.1517, the former Augustinian monk started the Reformation and heralded the end of the Middle Ages. Countless students wanted to hear the brilliant theologian. Leading scholars of Germany gathered in Wittenberg, including Melanchthon, Bugenhaben, Jonas and the painter Lucas Cranach. The Luther House, where he lived for decades, is now a museum where his original home and workplace have been faithfully preserved.