The park is located in the mountainous area south of the town of Berchtesgaden. The eastern, southern, and western boundaries of the park coincide with the state border between Germany and Austria. The area of the park is economically undeveloped, and there are no settlements. In the center of the park is a large lake, the Königssee. West of the lake is the massif of Watzmann (2,713 metres (8,901 ft)), the third highest mountain in Germany.
Hitler's private mountain
Adolf Hitler began using the vacation retreat of Obersalzberg in 1923. In 1933, it was made into a security zone where nearly every important Nazi figure had a residence. Most of the buildings have since been demolished. A museum near the former Berghof will inform you about the role Obersalzberg played during the Nazi period. From here, you can follow the Kehlsteinstraße uphill to the Eagle's Nest, which was built and designed by Hitler. At the end of the road you will find a pedestrian tunnel leading to a gloomy hall deep in the mountain. Once there, take the elevators to the summit, where you can see the Eagle's Nest and enjoy the breathtaking view. This is a prime example of architecture designed to intimidate.
Underground train ride into the history of mining
Salt has been mined here using the “wet mining” technique since 1517, making it the oldest salt mine in Germany. The mine, which is open to the public, currently employs 100 people, fifty of whom work underground. After donning miners' clothes, you will enjoy a multimedia show called the “SaltTimeJourney,” and then ride a narrow gauge train down into the mine. To reach the underground salt lake further down, you can either take the stairs or use the miners' slide. A cable ferry will pull you across the lake and back to the train. The tour lasts about an hour.