The low mountain range lies between Saxony and Bohemia. The border between Germany and the Czech Republic runs just north of the ridge line. The highest peaks are Klínovec (1244 m) and Fichtelberg (1215 m). The Erzgebirge was settled in the Middle Ages and has since been characterised by mining. Dumps, dams and ditches characterise the landscape and habitats. Today the Erzgebirge is a popular hiking area with winter sports resorts in the higher altitudes. The higher sites on the German side belong to the Erzgebirge/Vogtland Nature Park. With a length of 120 kilometres it is the largest nature park in Germany. The eastern Erzgebirge is under protection as landscape conservation area Osterzgebirge. Several larger raised bogs fed only by rainwater have also formed on the ridges.