The almost 100 square kilometre national park 30 kilometres southeast of Dresden protects the German part of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, into which the Elbe has dug a deep canyon. The landscape on both sides of the river is dramatic: Table mountains like the Lilienstein and the Pfaffenstein alternate with rockfalls like the Bastei and the Schrammsteine. Already at the end of the 18th century the unique nature attracted painters and poets. The best known was the painting by Caspar David Friedrich “Wanderer above the Sea of Fog”. The national park comprises two separate areas: the western part lies between Wehlen and Prossen, the eastern part lies between Schrammsteinen and the Czech border.