The city in southwest Thuringia is considered the center of German classicism. After such luminaries as Martin Luther, Lukas Cranach and Johann Sebastian Bach had lived and worked here, the city cemented its image as Germany's intellectual center when Goethe, Herder and Schiller took up residence in Weimar towards the end of the 18th century. The composer Franz Liszt joined the list of prominent residents in the 19th century. In the 20th century the Bauhaus school of architecture originated in Weimar before spreading around the world. Many architectural monuments and statues of famous citizens adorn the city and the pleasant park – designed by Goethe himself – on the Ilm River. Recommended stops are the Goethe-Haus, the Lukas-Cranach-Haus and the Goethe-Schiller monument.
Student city on the Saale
The town in the valley of the Saale is climatically particularly favorable and one of the warmest in central Germany. Since the 17th century the Friedrich Schiller University has been instrumental in shaping the cityscape. Goethe and Schiller studied here, and Fichte was professor of philosophy in Jena. Although much in the historical center has been destroyed during the bombing campaign of the war, there are still a few medieval gates and towers remaining. In the pubs and on the streets merry student life prevails. The best view of the city is from the Landgraven Mountain, which is also called the “Balcony of Jena”.
Medieval town with a spectacular cathedral
This medieval town in the north of Thuringia is famous mainly because of its cathedral of Romanesque Gothic style. The building thereof commenced in 1040 and was completed in 1250. The life-size figures of the twelve founders are unique, – carved in stone, and dressed in the style of the period. Centuries-old streets lead to the main square, which is lined with magnificent Baroque and Renaissance buildings. Above the market fountain is St. Wenceslas, the patron saint of Naumburg.