The city in southwest Thuringia is considered the center of German classicism. After such luminaries as Martin Luther, Lukas Cranach and Johann Sebastian Bach had lived and worked here, the city cemented its image as Germany's intellectual center when Goethe, Herder and Schiller took up residence in Weimar towards the end of the 18th century. The composer Franz Liszt joined the list of prominent residents in the 19th century. In the 20th century the Bauhaus school of architecture originated in Weimar before spreading around the world. Many architectural monuments and statues of famous citizens adorn the city and the pleasant park – designed by Goethe himself – on the Ilm River. Recommended stops are the Goethe-Haus, the Lukas-Cranach-Haus and the Goethe-Schiller monument.