The Lowlands form the centre of Scotland. They lie between the Grampians in the north and the Southern Uplands in the south. In the west they extend to the Firth of Clyde, in the east to the Firth of Forth. The Central Belt is the industrial heart. There is extensive agricultural land and the densest settlement in Scotland. This region includes the cities of Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen, Dundee, Perth, Stirling and Ayr.
2,5 km long suspension bridge
The motorway bridge over the Firth of Forth was built as a suspension bridge between 1958 and 1964 and was the largest of its kind in Europe at the time. It is a good 2.5 kilometres long and consists of a total of almost 47,000 tons of steel. Together, the wire ropes are almost 50,000 kilometers long. The Forth Road Bridge has been listed since April 2001. However, a new bridge is being planned. The existing bridge is to remain passable for buses, taxis and cyclists. Parallel runs the Forth Rail Bridge, a steel bridge dating from 1890, which Alfred Hitchcock made world famous with a scary scene in his spy thriller, The Thirty-nine Steps.
Georgian country castle and film set
The castle in the Scottish Lowlands was built at the beginning of the 17th century for the Earl of Hopetoun. To this day, the Georgian country house is inhabited by its descendants. In the first construction phase, the central building with a representative staircase and numerous ceiling paintings was built, in the second construction phase the current facade, the colonnades the pavilions in the south and north. At the beginning of the 19th century the interior of the castle was redesigned. The State Dining Room was created as a masterpiece of interior design. The current head of the Hope Clan, the fourth Marquess of Linithgow, has opened his domicile to visitors. Parts of the series “Outlander” were shot on location.
Birthplace of Mary Stuart
The castle ruins on the banks of Loch Linlithgow were for a long time the favourite residence of the Scottish kings, which is why it is also known as the Versailles of Scotland. Linlithgow is the oldest of all Scottish royal castles. Jacob V and Mary Stuart were born there. A fire in 1746 severely damaged the palace and turned it into a ruin. The park at the lake is also worth seeing.
Historic Scotland Explorer Pass
Scottish Heritage Pass
An exemplary 18th century industrial community
This restored 18th-century textile manufacturing town became famous when the cotton mill was under the management of Robert Owen from 1800 to 1825. Owen organized life in this model manufacturing town according to ideas that were at least a hundred years ahead of their time. Child labor and corporal punishment were banned. The town's residents were given decent housing, schools, evening courses, free health care and inexpensive food. The building complex is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is open to the public. You can visit the mill, the school, a store and the home of Robert Owen. You can also visit the mill worker's house with its residential apartments dating from the years 1820 to 1930.
Home of golf
The picturesque town of St. Andrews is situated on a peninsula surrounded by the Firth of Tay, the North Sea and the Firth of Forth. The long stretches of sandy beach are ideal for leisurely walks to such attractions as the “Rock and Spindle”, a basalt formation resembling a huge spinning wheel two miles south of St. Andrews. The town is regarded as the “home of golf” due to the fact that the worldwide rules for the sport (excluding North America) are set by the Royal and Ancient Golf Club, established in 1754. In fact, golf has been played in the area since at least the 15th century. By 1457 the game was so popular that it was temporarily banned by James II because it distracted from military training. Facts like these and other trivia can be found in the British Golf Museum, which contains many items of interest not only to golf fans.
Haunted town in the shadow of the castle
Centuries ago, the city between Edinburgh and Glasgow used to be the Scottish capital. The medieval old town developed around the great castle (Stirling Castle), which still dominates the place. Stirling is often called the “gateway to the Highlands”, because here is where the flat hills of the Scottish lowlands meet the steep slopes of the highlands. Maybe that's the reason why the city is haunted by countless spirits. Most famous are the “Green Lady” who was seen in the castle several times, and a soldier. But nowhere appear as many ghosts as in the tavern “Settle Inn”.