The colorful town situated on the plain between Mount Etna and the sea is – with 650,000 inhabitants – the second largest in Sicily. It was founded by Greek settlers in the 8th century and its rise is owed to the port and the fertile lava soil. In 1669 the town was buried by Mount Etna and completely destroyed by an earthquake. After that it was rebuilt in the late baroque style. Today the old town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Worth seeing are the cathedral and the Elephant Fountain made of black lava stone.