Obidos, Portugal's answer to Rotheburg in Germany, is surrounded by a 13 m high and 1.5 km long fortified wall. Visitors can walk completely around the town along the top of the wall, which has been preserved unchanged since the 16th century. The Old Town in the shadow of a medieval castle contains numerous patrician villas along the narrow streets and quaint squares. Many galleries and shops display the works of local artists. Like most places in Spain, Obidos was conquered by the Moors in 711 and only won back for the Portuguese crown 400 years later. The church of Santa Maria dates from this period and stands opposite the old pile of shame. The section of coastline west of Obidos is as idyllic as it is inaccessible. The best route is via Foz do Arelho, where Obidos Lagune flows into the ocean.
Portugal's wealthiest and most influential monastery
In the 12th century, this Cistercian abbey near Alcobaca cleared the surrounding land where agriculture still flourishes today. By the 16th century, this was Portugal's richest and most powerful monastery complex, with its lands encompassing 500 square kilometers. Just above it stands the mighty castle belonging to the Knights of the Order of Christ, who fought the Moors and led the first expeditions into West Africa.
Rocky island in the Atlantic
The rocky island of Berlenga, which is also a nature reserve, is located ten kilometers off the cost of Peniche and 20 minutes from Obidos. There are two trails that lead to summits with magnificent views and to an old fort on the shore. Boats to the island leave from Peniche every hour between 9:00 am and 11:00 am. The price also usually includes a ride in a glass bottom boat to a couple of caves and coastal cliffs.
Going for a swim and walking along the beach
This lagoon on Portugal's west coast is 1.8 kilometers across at its widest point and reaches 5 kilometers inland from Foz do Arelho. During the middle ages, the lagoon went as far as inland as Obidos. Many people in Portugal come here for their beach vacation. If you take a stroll along the beach or walk further inland, you may be rewarded with the sight of waterfowl and migratory birds, including flamingos.