The steep Sierra de Grazalema massif rises up out of the surrounding hill country with numerous peaks reaching over a thousand meters in height. Since these mountains are the first major hurdle for the warm, moist Atlantic winds, they receive a great deal of rainfall. The green landscape here is reminiscent of the Alps and even features pine forests. Moving water in the region has also carved out dramatic gorges, caves and grottoes in the limestone.
Summit hike with a view of Gibraltar
Those who climb the highest mountain in the Sierra de Grazalema (1648 m) are rewarded with an incomparable view. The north side of the ridge may offer a view of eagles circling over the Spanish firs. To the south, you can see the Los Alcornocales nature reserve and even the Strait of Gibraltar on a clear day. (3:30 hrs, 5.5 km, elevation change: 730 m)
A hike through a spectacular gorge
The Garganta Verde is a spectacular canyon in the Sierra de Grazalema. The 400 meter high cliffs are home to griffon vultures, which can always be seen circling overhead. A highlight in the landscape is the Cueva Ermita – a colossal arch in the wall of the gorge.
Pueblo blanco in the shadow of a rock castle
The small village at the foot of the Sierra Grazalema belongs to the lesser known white villages in Andalusia. It was founded in the 8th century by the Arabs and was probably called “Zahara”, which means something like “flower”, because of its beauty. The ruins of a Moorish rock castle from the 12th century still tower over the village of 1000 inhabitants and offer a fantastic view over the surrounding countryside and the Zahara reservoir.